The precipitating event was Mohammed Merah's murder of Rabbi Jonathan Sandler, the rabbi's two sons — Gabriel, age 3, and Arye, age 6 — and Miriam Monsonego, age 8 (hat tip to Will for the photo below):
All four of the above victims were buried in Israel:
...As French police surrounded the suspected killer of four Jewish children and a 30-year-old rabbi in Toulouse, the victims were laid to rest in the Jewish cemetery in Jerusalem. Around 2,000 people turned up for the funeral. The weather was perfectly sunny and warm for a ceremony that lasted about two hours. But the mood was deeply somber.Mohammed Merah apparently has Al Qaeda connections. In addition, the following information has been released:
The bodies of Jonathan Sandler, his two sons, 4-year-old Gabriel and 5-year-old Arieh, along with a 7-year-old girl named Miriam Monsenego, were flown to Israel on Tuesday night. They were wrapped in prayer shawls and dark fabric, and then carried on the shoulders of mourners to their final resting place....
...The suspected killer reportedly told French negotiators on Wednesday that he was attempting to avenge the deaths of Palestinian children with his actions....From this source comes the following detail that you may not have heard:
...[T]he murderer of a rabbi and three small children at Toulouse’s Ozar Hatorah school on Monday filmed the atrocity as he shot each one to death.Mohammed Merah's vile deeds were motivated by what, exactly? Did he scream, "Allahu akbar!" all the while?
The school’s video surveillance tapes showed that the cold-blooded killer used a small video camera suspended from his neck, of the type employed by athletes to record their performance....
Profile of Mohammed Merah HERE (BBC) and HERE (CNN, includes video).
Update: Mohammed Merah is dead. Good riddance!